EFI

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EFI Bootup CS Graph

820-4924

SPI CS during a successful bootup on an 820-4924. The first 200ms burst seems to signify there is good communications with the EFI. With bad traces, that initial burst lasts around 2ms. Near the start of the 1.2 second burst the chime sounds and backlight turns on.

Successful Boot EFI 1.jpgSuccessful Boot EFI 2.jpg

820-3437

Communication issue

CPU VCore, SLP_S5# and SPI_CS0_L when R6120 is removed on an 820-3437, simulating communication issue with SPI ROM causing power cycling.

  • CPU VCore
  • PM_SLP_S5_L
  • SPI_CS0_L


Commmunication ok

Expected SPI_CS0_L behaviour before RAM initialization. This board has RAM issue, on a working board there will be more activity afterwards when EFI is copied into RAM.

SPI_CS0_L

820-00840

EFI ONLY

SPI_MLB_CS_L 2.4 second graph

SPI_MLB_CS_L 12 second graph

SPI_MLB_CS_L 24 second graph. Charger chime happens at the end of the communications

SPI_MLB_CS_L in blue, SPIROM_USEMLB in yellow. 24 second chart.

EFI + SMC

LPC_FRAME_L in blue, SPI_MLB_CS_L in yellow. 2.4 second graph.

LPC_FRAME_L in blue, SPI_MLB_CS_L in yellow. 24 second graph.

EFI Quad SPI

because they switched to Quad SPI, they can't use HOLD# directly to bypass SPI ROM as it's now an I/O pin.


It uses a different SPI ROM chip (the smaller WSON8 footprint IIRC) which supports Quad SPI. Typically it has to be enabled by setting the "QE" (Quad Enable bit) with a programmer, then those 4 pins will act as I/O all the time. With Dual SPI that was used before, the communication starts in standard (single) SPI and then a command is used to switch to Dual SPI.

[5:01 PM] piernov: SPI is originally a protocol that works with 2 simplex data lines(only one direction, one transmit MISO, one receive MOSI, viewed from the SPI ROM). In dual mode, those 2 lines are now half-duplex data lines (bidirectional, but not at the same time, it alternates directions) and data is shared across them (so that the device can send or receive twice as fast). In quad SPI mode, it's similar to dual SPI but you now have 4 data lines because you use the Hold and Write Protect signal lines as data lines, so you can transmit 4 times as fast as on a standard SPI bus.

EFI Tools

GUI EFI Tool
Script EFI Tool

EFI ME Cleaning

How to clean the Intel ME (Management Engine) region of the EFI

EFI Change Serial Number

How to edit the serial number of a Mac

EFI Bootup Diagram

EFI Boot up Diagram.jpg

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